Bottom Line: Impressive Earnings Season
Corporate America has delivered double-digit earnings growth for the second consecutive quarter with solid upside to forecasts.
The breadth of earnings gains and magnitude of upside to revenue forecasts have been impressive, with generally upbeat management outlooks.
Strong earnings continue to provide support for the stock market even at elevated valuations.
BOTTOM LINE: IMPRESSIVE EARNINGS SEASON
Corporate America delivered another outstanding earnings season, with double digit earnings growth, solid upside to forecasts, and generally upbeat outlooks from corporate management teams. We have been particularly impressed with the breadth of earnings gains and upside to revenue forecasts. Strong earnings continue to provide support for the stock market at elevated valuations, with the potential for more support from a reduced corporate tax rate next spring. Here we provide an overview of the nearly completed second quarter 2017 earnings season.
OUTSTANDING BOTTOM LINE
With about 90% of the S&P 500 Index companies having reported results, earnings growth is tracking to a 12% year over year increase, the second straight double digit gain [Figure 1]. The earnings beat rate of 74% is nicely above the five year average (68%).
Although the 4% upside to June 30 estimates (12% versus 8%) is only about 1% above the long-term average upside, we are impressed with this result coming off the strong first quarter. The breadth of the earnings gains is also notable, with energy, financials, and technology each contributing 18% or more to the overall increase in S&P 500 earnings [Figure 2].
The consistency with which companies have beaten estimates is also impressive, even when considering the historical pattern of consensus estimate reductions that give companies a lower bar. Earnings have beaten consensus estimates for 33 consecutive quarters, covering much of the current economic expansion (based on Thomson data).
It is worth noting that the comparison for second quarter 2017 earnings growth against the year-ago quarter was easy, as it was in the first quarter. But it did get slightly tougher compared with the first quarter — growing off of a 5% decline in the first quarter of 2016 and a 2% decline in the second quarter of 2016. Comparisons will continue to toughen over the next several quarters, so earnings growth rates are likely to moderate further.
IMPRESSIVE REVENUE UPSIDE
The revenue performance from corporate America is equally impressive. S&P 500 revenue growth is tracking to a 5.1% year-over-year increase, about 0.5% above June 30 estimates, as 68.5% of companies have exceeded revenue targets (versus the five-year average of 53% [Figure 3]). Revenue upside has been much tougher to come by in recent years, so these numbers are as good as we’ve seen in a while (since the second quarter of 2011).
Consider the Source: Different sources such as FactSet, Bloomberg, Standard & Poor's, and others have different calculations than Thomson Reuters for S&P 500 earnings, based on various methodologies and different interpretations of what constitutes operating earnings. We favor Thompson Reuters and FactSet for their long track records and wide followings.
In terms of the drivers of the strong results, an improving global economic growth backdrop, a pickup in business investment, a still easy comparison versus the earnings recession of 2016, and U.S. dollar weakness all played roles (a weaker dollar props up overseas earnings for U.S.-based multinationals). Although the dollar index traded at a higher average price in the second quarter of 2017 than it did in the second quarter of 2016, analysts’estimates generally reflected a stronger dollar than was actually realized in the quarter. SOLID GUIDANCE
Forward estimates have held up very well since the second quarter ended, indicating guidance has generally been upbeat. Between June 30 and August 11, 2017, estimates for the next four quarters fell by 0.6%, which is less than the typical 2 – 3% drop observed during prior earnings seasons.
We can also assess guidance by looking at the ratio of negative to positive pre-announcements.
Companies share bad news early more than good news, so the negatives are almost always bigger than the positives. But the 1.5 ratio of negative to positive pre-announcements for the third quarter is about as good as it gets, with the long-term average at 2.8 (post-1995). A trend has emerged, as we saw the same solid 1.5 ratio three months ago when companies were providing guidance for the second quarter.
Generally favorable outlooks from company management teams, coupled with steady economic growth and a weaker U.S. dollar, help paint a solid near-term earnings picture. Combine that with the potential for upside from a reduction in the corporate tax rate and lower tax rate for repatriation of overseas cash (we anticipate both in early 2018), and a bright picture could get even better.
Corporate Beige Book Barometer: Later this month we will update our Corporate Beige Book barometer: an analysis of the topics covered in companies' earnings conference calls.
Second quarter earnings season has been outstanding. S&P 500 earnings rose by double-digits for the second straight quarter with solid upside to both earnings and revenue. The breadth of earnings contributions across sectors was impressive. Company outlooks have been upbeat, buoyed by a weaker U.S. dollar. Strong earnings continue to provide support for the stock market at elevated valuations, with the potential for more support from a reduced corporate tax rate next spring. We believe near double-digit earnings growth is achievable this year (consensus expectations are roughly +10%) and potentially in 2018 as well.